◄-- Prev Small Business Start-Up: Creating Business Plans

Getting A Bank Loan
By Bob Adams

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What are the three “c's”?

Traditionally bankers look at what are called the three ‘c’s’: character, credit and collateral.

Character means more than not having a criminal record. It means that the banker feels confident that you are not going to suddenly disappear for parts unknown if the business runs into trouble. Specifically bankers like to see ties to the community such as long residence, family ties, and home ownership.

A clean credit history is important. A couple late credit card payments shouldn’t be a factor, but missing mortgage payments for three months in a row will require a good explanation. Bankers like good character and good credit, but they live for solid collateral.

Equipment, buildings and trucks -- that’s the kind of stuff that bankers really like for collateral -- solid value and likely to be worth a lot even if the business goes bust. Inventory, raw material and goods are second choices for collateral -- they will lose their value more quickly than fixed assets but still be worth something.

Can you get a business loan?

The criteria for business loans varies much more widely than for consumer loans and often varies quite a bit from one banker to the next at even the same bank! However here are some rules of thumbs to give you an idea of your chances of getting a loan.

  • Getting a loan for a new business is tough

  • Fixed assets such as machinery or buildings can almost always be financed

  • Current assets such as inventory or goods in process increase your loan chances

  • 2+ years of profitable operation greatly increases your loan chances

  • The larger the owner’s investment in the business the better your chances of getting a loan

  • Loans to small corporations will often have to be personally guaranteed by a shareholder

  • It is difficult to get loans to offset operating losses

  • It is usually possible to get a loan to modestly expand a profitable business

How to get the bank's money, even when the bank says 'no!'

Banks have much more lenient standards for lending to consumers than to businesses. So what you can do is borrow the money from the bank as a consumer and then turn around and personally invest the funds in your business. Just make sure that you never lie about how you are going to use the proceeds on a loan application. For example you could apply for a home equity loan to tap any available equity in your house. Then take the funds and invest them in your business. The bank feels safer because their statistics show that home equity loans or much more likely to be repaid than loans for brand new businesses. No equity in your home? Maybe you can get a car loan?

Getting an appointment with a bank

Don’t just show up in person -- first make an appointment by phone. Ask the receptionist in the bank or the loan department for the name of the appropriate person who would handle your loan request. Of course it would be better, but not necessary, to get a referral from a friend or advisor such as your lawyer or accountant. When you get the name of the appropriate loan officer simply ask for an appointment. Don’t offer any more details over the phone, unless the loan officer requests them. The more details you offer over the phone, the greater the chances you won’t get the appointment at all. Sound confident. Sound matter of fact. Sound like you don’t even need the money... that’s the kind of person that loan officers like to lend to.

For More information on Business Plans, you may want to get a copy of the book "Adams Streetwise Business Plans" (Adams Streetwise Series, Adams Media Corporation). This book includes complete sample business plans; detailed step by step instructions for writing a business plan; suggested text for each step of the business plan; instructions and worksheets for creating complete financials. Click here to find out more or order.

Copyright ©1999 - 2000 BusinessTown.com, LLC

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Bob Adams is one of the foremost authorities on the job-hunting process. He is the president of Adams Media Corporation, which has developed the JobBank series, the Adams Almanac series, the Knock ’Em Dead series, and dozens of other best-selling career books. He lives near Boston.
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Source: Streetwise Complete Business Plan: Writing a Business Plan Has Never Been Easier! by Bob Adams, Adams Media Corporation Adams Streetwise Series




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